Jacksonian Seizures

By: Shaun Kim What are Jacksonian Seizures? Jacksonian seizures, also known as focal motor seizures, are a type of partial seizure that originates in a localized area of the brain. Jacksonian seizures are a common symptom of epilepsy, a neurological disorder characterized by recurrent seizures. In the case of Jacksonian seizures, abnormal electrical activity originates […]

Autoimmune Epilepsy

By: Natalie L. Boehm, MBA, RBLP-T What is autoimmune epilepsy? Autoimmune epilepsy is a group of epilepsies mediated by all kinds of autoimmune reactions (Jang et. al., 2020). There are a number of autoimmune conditions that lead to the individual having seizure activity. Autoimmune epilepsy also includes febrile illness-related refractory seizures (FIRES), new-onset refractory status […]


By: Nicholas Parekh What are Pseudoseizures? Pseudoseizures are one of the manifestations of conversion disorder, a psychiatric condition where a patient experiences neurological symptoms such as paralysis without an actual cause. Conversion disorder usually occurs after a highly stressful or traumatic event, and a person is at higher risk if they have a dissociative or […]

Catamenial Epilepsy

By: Mugdha Dip What is Catamenial Epilepsy? Catamenial Epilepsy can be described as menstrual seizures that are linked with women’s menstrual cycle and hormone levels in the body. It is found that at least three patterns of catamenial seizure occur. The pattern includes perimenstrual, periovulatory in ovulatory processes, and the entire luteal phase in anovulatory […]

Myoclonic Epilepsy: Understanding the Etiology, Types, and Treatment

By: Nazneen Khan Introduction Epilepsy is defined as a disorder characterized by two or more seizures which occur twenty-four hours apart. Myoclonic epilepsy is a generalized epilepsy where all parts of the brain show abnormal electrical activities. This type of epilepsy presents short, rapid, and uncontrollable muscle jerks and rhythmic contractions which occur more than […]

Abdominal Epilepsy: an often misdiagnosed cause of abdominal pain

By: Nicholas Parekh What is abdominal epilepsy? Abdominal epilepsy is a rare form of temporal lobe epilepsy that often manifests as episodes of abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting followed by loss of consciousness or postictal sleepiness and mostly affects children. Due to the primary symptoms of abdominal pain and vomiting being relatively common in many […]

Reflex Epilepsy

By: Natalie L. Boehm, MBA, RBLP-T What is Reflex Epilepsy? Reflex epilepsy (RE) is defined as a specific syndrome in which all epileptic seizures are precipitated by sensory stimuli (Hanif and Musick, 2021). Reflex seizures can take a variety of forms, comprising either general or focal onset, with or without secondary generalization (Hanif and Musick, […]

Ecstatic Epilepsy

By: Annemarie DeChellis Ecstatic seizures are a rare form of focal seizure that occur without the impairment of a person’s awareness or consciousness. During an ecstatic seizure, a person typically experiences a feeling of intense positive emotions, enhanced physical wellbeing, and enhanced self-awareness or perception of the external world. Other symptoms may include altered sense […]


By: Natalie L. Boehm, MBA, RBLP-T What is Neurodiversity? Neurodiversity is the diversity between human brains and minds, the variation in cognitive functioning in humans. In the 1990’s Judy Signer a sociologist rejected the thought that individuals with autism were disabled. Signer who is on the spectrum, began to advocate to show that individuals with […]

Clonic Seizures

By: Brandon Khalil and Natalie L. Boehm, MBA, RBLP-T Photo from www.shutterstock.com What are Clonic seizures? Clonic seizures are the repetitive jerking movements of the muscles in the body. These motor systems can affect the whole body or just specific parts, such as the arms and legs. Clonic seizures are rare and more often occur […]