Social Anxiety Disorder and Epilepsy

By: Natalie Bailey Social Anxiety Disorder and Epilepsy Social phobia, commonly referred to as social anxiety disorder (SAD), is outlined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-V) as a fear of becoming the focal point of scrutiny in social situations, manifesting as dread or anxiety, which prompts the affected individual […]

Epilepsy and Major Depressive Disorder

By: Natalie Bailey Epilepsy and Major Depressive Disorder  When compared to the general population, there is a discernible increase in the prevalence of depression among individuals with epilepsy. Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) is classified as a mood disorder distinguishable by recurrent depressive episodes, feelings of worthlessness, the absence of pleasure, thoughts of death, and abnormal […]

PNES and Epilepsy

By: Clara O’Hara Introduction Psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) are attacks that look like epileptic seizures, but are not caused by abnormal electrical charges (University of South Florida Health, 2013). They are, instead, a physical reaction to stress-related, psychological, or emotional issues. People with PNES cannot control their seizures The psychiatric diagnosis for PNES is conversion […]

Social Anxiety and Epilepsy

By: Catherine Joachin What is social anxiety?  Social anxiety disorder also referred to as social phobia, is a mental health condition which involves an overwhelming fear of judgment. The disorder is marked by chronic self-consciousness and fear of humiliation that can turn everyday interactions into highly anxiogenic situations and lead to the development of avoidance […]

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

By: Bhavya Appannagaari What is PTSD? Post-traumatic stress disorder is a mental disorder that occurs due to witnessing or experiencing traumatizing events or circumstances. Some examples of these traumatizing events are natural disasters, accidents, terrorists, war, rape, or bullying. This disorder can affect you mentally, socially, or physically (, 2022). PTSD occurs in direct response […]

Autism Spectrum Disorder

By: Catherine Joachin What is autism spectrum disorder?  Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is an umbrella term that encompasses various developmental  disabilities (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). This diagnosis covers different levels of  autism, including Asperger syndrome and pervasive developmental disorder, which were both  considered separate conditions under the previous iterations of the Diagnostic and Statistical  Manual […]

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

By: Bhavya Appannagaari and Natalie L. Boehm, MBA, RBLP-T What is ADHD? ADHD is one of the most common neurological disorders for individuals. The diagnosis is often diagnosed in early childhood and continues into adulthood. ADHD can impact an individual in many ways. Children and adults with ADHD can have trouble paying attention or controlling […]

Bipolar Disorder

By: Bhavya Appannagaari What is bipolar disorder? Bipolar disorder is a mental health condition that includes emotional highs and lows, such as abnormal changes in happiness or depression. These emotional fluctuations can affect sleep, energy, and physical activity, these mood swings may appear rarely or multiple times a year (Mayo Clinic, 2022). Bipolar disorder has […]

Depression in Teens with Epilepsy

By: Clara O’Hara Depression in Teens with Epilepsy Depression across the world affects children and teens with epilepsy. In the U.S., depression in teens with epilepsy ranges between eight to thirty-five percent and is higher than the general population of the same age. The risk of depression becomes more difficult when the teen has lower […]


By: Bhavya Appannagaari What is schizophrenia? According to the American Psychiatric Association, schizophrenia is a chronic brain disorder that affects less than one percent of the U.S. population. The National Alliance on Mental Illness describes schizophrenia as a long-term medical illness, that compromises an individual’s ability to think clearly, manage emotions, make decisions, and relate […]