Frontal Lobe

By:  Melissa Bui

Photo Credit: www.depositphotos.com

What is the area of the brain?

The Frontal Lobe is located directly behind the forehead as the frontal lobe is one of the largest lobes in the human brain. Hence, they are the most common region of injury in traumatic brain injury.

What are the functions?

The frontal lobe function is important for voluntary movement, expressive language, and managing higher-level executive functions such as cognitive skills. This includes the capacity to plan, organize, and control responses to achieve a goal. The frontal lobes are also the control center for our behavior and emotions, making up our personality.

Complications that can take place in the area of the brain

Damage to the frontal lobes can result in loss of simple movement in various body parts (paralysis), and inability to focus on a task and express language. Other complications may include difficulty in controlling a response, hence leading to reduced persistence in activities and changes in personality and social behavior.

Complications that are epilepsy related

Epilepsy often causes seizures beginning in the frontal lobe area, located on the sides of the head behind the temples and cheekbones which is referred to as Frontal Lobe Epilepsy. Recalling that the frontal lobe is responsible for planning and executing movement and personality, frontal lobe epilepsy can have a dramatic effect on a patient’s quality of life. This results in frontal lobe seizures which occur often and very briefly less than 30 seconds, often occurring at night. Whether the seizure is simple or complex or even partial, it can quickly spread throughout the brain due to many connections between the frontal and temporal lobes. Due to this cause, it can be difficult to pinpoint which section of the brain is being affected.

Treatment options for epilepsy complications

With Frontal Lobe Epilepsy, the most common first choice treatment would be Anticonvulsant medications which are also known as antiepileptic drugs (AEDs), which are essentially a class of pharmaceuticals primarily used to treat seizures and epilepsy. These medications assist in stabilizing the electrical activity in the brain, thus preventing or reducing the occurrence of seizures. However, if these medications fail to assist, surgery is a possible option to assist with the control of the seizures.

Conclusion

With various complications that may occur in the frontal lobe due to epilepsy taking place, it is important to be informed and raise awareness about epilepsy in the frontal lobe to recognize symptoms which include unusual behaviors and repetitive movements, and assist individuals who may be unaware of these complications. By increasing understanding and promoting access to resources we can empower individuals with epilepsy to help fulfill lives despite the challenges that are posed by their conditions.

Resources:

“Brain Map Frontal Lobes.” Queensland Health, corporate Name=The State of Queensland; jurisdiction=Queensland, 12 July 2022, www.health.qld.gov.au/abios/asp/bfrontal#:~:text=The%20frontal%20lobes%20are%20important,order%20to%20achieve%20a%20goal.

“Focal Epilepsy.” Johns Hopkins Medicine, 8 Aug. 2021, www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/conditions-and-diseases/epilepsy/focal-epilepsy#:~:text=Frontal%20lobe%20epilepsy%20is%20the,a%20patient’s%20quality%20of%20life.

“How Anti-Seizure Meds Can Help Relieve Nerve Pain.” Mayo Clinic, Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 12 Sept. 2019, www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/peripheral-neuropathy/in-depth/pain-medications/art-20045004.

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